“What is anorectal?” The question can be answered as the general name of the diseases of the large intestine, anal region and rectum. These diseases, which are common in society, constitute a special category in the field of medicine. Every person may encounter anorectal disease during their childhood, pregnancy, marriage or military service.
Diagnosis and treatment of problems seen in these structurally sensitive areas are also difficult. For this reason, it is extremely important to have a doctor who is an expert in this field and advanced technological facilities in order to make the correct diagnosis and plan the treatment process. A multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment service is offered to patients in anorectal surgery. In other words, a patient-specific process is planned by the council where more than one area of expertise comes together and the treatment is applied in line with this process.
Specialization Areas of the Department
Common anorectal diseases; The branch of medicine that deals with anus diseases and their treatments is proctology. The areas of specialization in this branch are as follows:
• Hemorrhoidal disease,
• Cracks or tears in the anus
• Constipation for a long time
• Involuntary stool incontinence
• Congenital closure of the anus
• Rectum and colon cancer
• Anal cancer
• Anus traumas
If there is itching, bleeding, gas, pain or stool incontinence in the breech area, the person should consult a specialist physician without delay. These findings may be a sign of anorectal disease and may also be seen as manifestations of developing bowel cancer. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of the condition is of great importance.
Multidisciplinary Approach in Treatment
Anorectal surgery department adopts a multidisciplinary approach in diagnosis and treatment. In line with this approach, experts from different fields in diagnosis and treatment come together and form a council. In this council; There are specialists in urology, gynecology and obstetrics, general surgery, physical therapy, rehabilitation, pain, gastroenterology, nutrition and diet, radiology, psychology.
These experts exchange views with each other during the diagnosis and treatment process and come to a consensus by discussing the methods to be applied in the treatment process. Thus, the most appropriate treatment method for the patient is selected and applied.
Diagnosis and Treatment Methods
“What is anorectal surgery?” The methods used in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases are a matter of curiosity as well as the question. In the surgical department, help is received from many devices for different diseases. In addition, non-surgical treatment methods specially developed for diseases are also used.
Anorectal diseases, which are also accepted as proctological diseases, are diseases of intestinal origin. The process includes diagnosing the problems seen in the intestines separated as the large intestine, rectum and breech region and planning the treatment process.
Diseases Diagnosed and Treated in Anorectal Surgery
“What are anorectal diseases?” Those who do research are also curious about the diseases that are diagnosed and treated. Anorectal surgery diagnoses and treats the following diseases:
• Anus crack
• Anal itching
• Gas and stool incontinence
• Intestinal hernia
• ingrown hair
• Perianal fistula and abscess
• Pelvic pain and dysfunction
• Warts in and around the breech
• Cancers of the large intestine and rectum
• Inflammatory bowel diseases