Hiatal hernia is one of the diseases that can be treated surgically. This condition, also called giant hiatal hernia, usually occurs in people aged 50 and over, with the loss of the muscles surrounding the upper part of the stomach. Because the muscles in this area are very prone to weakening and this can be seen with advancing age.
“What is a hiatal hernia?” The answer to the question can be given as the fact that at least one third of the stomach passes into the chest cavity in a way that is different from the position it should be in. It develops due to reasons such as bad eating habits, age and excess weight. In addition to these situations, it is also seen due to reasons such as heavy work and stress.
Hiatal hernia symptoms, "What are the symptoms of hiatal hernia?" It is one of the most frequently asked questions. Normal hiatal hernia may not cause any symptoms, but the symptom of giant hiatal hernia is usually seen as reflux.
“What are the complaints of patients with giant hiatal hernia?” The answers to the question are as follows:
- Reflux (stomach acid coming into the mouth)
- Indigestion of consumed food
- Back pain
- Discomfort after eating
- Experiencing a feeling of fullness despite eating less
“Does a giant hernia cause shortness of breath?” The question is also one of the frequently asked questions. A hiatal hernia, which is called a giant hernia, can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath.
The presence of one-third of the stomach in the thoracic cavity instead of the abdominal cavity may cause ulcer formation. These ulcers can also cause bleeding. With these bleedings, giant hiatal hernia occurs with the symptom of anemia. In addition to these symptoms, giant hiatal hernia also shows symptoms with the feeling of pressure in the heart. In people who experience this condition, the stomach is located in the space just behind the heart, and immediately after the meal, as a result of the swelling of the patient's stomach, there is pressure on the heart and the person may experience palpitations or rhythm disorders.
Although the causes of giant hiatal hernia cannot be determined very well, there are some risk factors. Humpback is one of these risk factors. The causes of giant hiatal hernia are as follows:
- Situations where the pressure in the abdomen increases
- Frequent weight gain and loss
- Chronic constipation and excessive straining
- Very heavy lifting
- Problem with hunching and diaphragm muscles
- Occurrence of kyphosis in women with osteoporosis
Types of hiatal hernias are as follows:
- Sliding Hiatal Hernia, called Type I: In this type of hiatal hernia, the upper part of the stomach slides together with the gastroesophageal junction.
- Paraesophageal Hernia defined as Type II
- Mixed type known as Type III (with type I and II)
- Type IV
The diagnosis of hiatal hernia, "giant hiatal hernia, how to understand?" It is one of the issues that patients and their relatives are curious about.
The symptoms of giant hiatal hernia can often be confused with heart conditions. Therefore, the situation should be evaluated in detail at the stage of diagnosis. The examinations for the diagnosis of giant hiatal hernia are as follows:
- Computed tomography (CT)
- Barium film
About the treatment of giant hiatal hernia, "How is giant hiatal hernia treated?" and “Can giant hiatal hernia be treated with medication?” The treatment for hiatal insufficiency is surgery and this condition cannot be treated with medication. Medication, along with methods such as exercise and nutrition, are additional treatments for the problem.
Hiatal hernia surgery is usually performed with a closed surgical method called laparoscopic. The surgery is performed by making 4 or 5 holes in the upper part of the abdomen, and with this procedure, the stomach is placed where it should be. During this process, whether the esophagus is in the right place and its length are checked and necessary actions are taken.
Hiatal hernia is a disorder that requires some adjustments in the nutritional routine. Because it can reduce the symptoms by changing the eating habits of the person. In this regard, instead of eating three large meals, it would be appropriate to consume smaller meals several times a day. In addition, quitting smoking, avoiding lying down or bending over after a meal, and sleeping on a high pillow are also important in this process. In this process, the foods that should be avoided in order to prevent heartburn in the stomach are as follows:
- Spicy foods
- Garlic and onion
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HIATAL HERNIA AND GIANT HERNIA?
The protrusion of 2 cm from the middle of the stomach to the chest is defined as a gastric hernia. In giant hiatal hernia, at least one-third of the stomach must be in the chest cavity.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN GIANT HIATAL HERNIA IS NOT TREATED?
It is important to treat giant hiatal hernia, known as hiatal insufficiency, without losing time, so that the symptoms do not worsen. However, giant hiatal hernia may not show symptoms immediately, and the complaints arising from the hernia may continue to increase over the years. In addition, if giant hernia is not treated, it can cause serious bleeding. In addition, giant hiatal hernia is not a disease that resolves itself by changing nutritional habits. Therefore, treatment should be started as soon as the symptoms are diagnosed.
IS GIANT HIATAL HERNIA DEADLY?
Giant hiatal hernia is not a fatal disease as it is thought. However, the problems caused by this condition can be fatal if left untreated.
IN WHICH AGE GROUP IS GIANT HIATAL HERNIA COMMON?
This condition, which can be seen in people of all ages, is generally more common after the age of 55. However, this condition is more common in women.
IS HERBAL TREATMENT METHODS USED IN GIANT HIATAL HERNIA?
“What are the foods that are good for giant stomach hernia? And what is the herbal treatment of giant stomach hernia?” It is one of the most frequently asked questions. However, there is no herbal treatment for this condition. In addition, it is important for people to eat frequently and less in the first 2-3 months after surgery.
HOW MANY HOURS DOES GIANT HIATAL HERNIA SURGERY TAKE?
The process takes an average of 2-2.5 hours.
WHAT IS BURST GIANT HIATAL HERNIA?
This condition can be caused by ulcers. With the perforation of the ulcers, the stomach contents are emptied into the chest cavity. This situation is extremely serious and requires immediate intervention.
WHAT IS THE PRICE OF GIANT HIATAL HERNIA SURGERY?
The price of giant gastric hernia varies according to the doctor performing the operation, the pricing policy of the hospital, the condition of the patient and the materials used.
CAN YOU DO SPORTS AFTER GIANT HIATAL HERNIA SURGERY?
After the hiatus hernia treatment performed with surgery, it is extremely inconvenient for the person to lift weights or do compelling sports.