Deep brain stimulation surgery is a procedure that is used in conditions such as tremors, Parkinson's disease and it has proven to increase the quality of life and comfort of the patients. This surgery, which is also known as a brain pacemaker, is implanted in the chest area under the collarbone like a pacemaker and sends electrical signals to the electrodes in a controlled manner with the help of a wire fixed under the skin. What is deep brain stimulation? How much does a deep brain stimulation surgery cost? In which diseases is it used? We have compiled the answers to such questions and more for you.
“What is a neurostimulator?” It is one of the most frequently asked questions on the subject. This surgery is based on the logic of stimulating specific parts of the brain with the help of batteries and electrodes.
“How to install a neurostimulator?” Another interesting topic. Deep Brain Stimulation surgery takes place in 2 stages. In the first stage, the electrodes are sent to the previously targeted part of the brain with local anesthesia. For this, 2 holes in the size of a 50 cent coin are drilled and since this procedure is performed under local anesthesia, the patient does not feel any pain or discomfort. Thanks to the electrodes placed in the brain with special systems, the electrical activity of the brain is monitored. After this process, test currents are given to the area and it is evaluated whether there will be any side effects or effectiveness. According to the results of this evaluation, necessary arrangements are made during the surgery. Therefore, the first stage of the operation is performed under local anesthesia while the patient is awake. Then, the second stage is applied, and at this stage, the neurostimulator is placed under the collarbone and the electrodes are connected. With this process, thin cables are placed in the nuclei in the middle of the brain, and electrical stimulation is continuously given by the stimulator fixed to the abdomen or chest area. Thus, nerve cells whose electrical activity has changed due to the disease are reorganized. These stages enable tremor and Parkinson's patients to get rid of difficulties such as speechlessness, tremor and inability to walk.
This treatment method is used in cases where the drugs do not reduce the symptoms in the patient, and the side effects of the drug prevent the patient from using the drug.
The mechanism of action of the brain battery is not known exactly and it is thought to benefit by normalizing or reversing neuronal activity in the brain. Moreover, although the mechanism of action of the treatment is not certain, significant improvement in motor symptoms is observed. The comments of those who have had brain pacing surgery are also in this direction. However, it should never be forgotten that each Parkinson's patient will react differently to this treatment method. Improvement in most patients can be observed during surgery. However, several session programs may be required to observe comprehensive benefit.
“In which diseases is the neurostimulator used?” It is one of the wondered topics. These diseases are as follows:
- In epilepsy syndromes
- Essential tremor
- Huntington's disease
- Major depression
- Obsessive compulsive disease
- Parkinson's disease
The age limit for a neurostimulator is 80. However, age alone is not a determining limit and the general condition of the patient is more important.
The cost of neurostimulator surgery varies according to the health institution where the treatment will take place and the general condition of the patient. Parkinson's neurostimulator fee is determined according to the same criteria.
Can the neurostimulator be replaced?
The battery attached to the patient lasts for 5-6 years. At the end of this period, the neurostimulator is replaced with a new one without interfering with the cables in the brain, and this process takes 15 minutes.
What is the effect of the neurostimulator on daily life?
Those who have neurostimulator surgery can return to their routine life with the approval of the doctor.
Is Parkinson's neurosurgery covered by SGK?
The transaction is applied within the scope of SGK assurance and the fee is covered by the state.
How many hours does a neurostimulator surgery take?
It is a process that takes 3 to 5 hours.
Should those with a neurostimulator go through security control devices?
People who think about the risks of neurostimulator surgery and the risks that may occur after the procedure may be hesitant to go through the safety devices after the procedure, but there is no harm in these people going through the devices.