Gynecology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the female body and reproductive system. Sub-branches of gynecology; obstetrics, infertility, IVF, family planning, gynecological oncology, sexual diseases and sexual problems. Specialist physicians who are interested in gynecology, which is the branch of science that examines women's health and diseases, and who have received the qualified training are called gynecologists.
A gynecologist is a surgeon who specializes in the female reproductive system, which includes the cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, vagina, and vulva. Menstrual problems, contraception, sexuality, menopause and infertility problems are diagnosed and treated by a gynecologist; Most gynecologists also provide prenatal care, while some also provide primary care.
Menstrual problems include amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods), dysmenorrhea (painful menstrual periods), and menorrhagia (heavy menstrual bleeding). Menorrhagia is a common indication for hysterectomy, which is the surgical removal of the uterus. Ovarian cysts, endometriosis, incontinence, prolapse, infections of the pelvic organs and human papillomavirus are other conditions that can be detected by a gynecologist. A gynecologist can detect fungal, bacterial, viral or protozoal infections as well.
Most gynecologists are also obstetricians. An obstetrician is an expert in the management of pregnancy, childbirth, and the time immediately after birth, known as the puerperium. Obstetrician/gynecologist provides a wide range of services from preventive care to detection of sexually transmitted diseases and family planning. They may also deal with adolescent gynecology and endocrinology or behavioral problems among young women.
WHICH DISEASES DOES A GYNECOLOGIST TREAT?
Gynecologists are specialists who deal with many diseases. These diseases are as follows;
- Pregnancy preparation and pregnancy follow-up
- Vaginal birth and caesarean section
- Uterine diseases
- Ovarian diseases
- Cervical diseases
- Menstrual irregularities
- Vaginal discharge
- Birth control methods
- Vaccination, IVF
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Vaginal sagging and urinary incontinence
- Genital aesthetic surgeries