What Diseases Does a Psychiatrist Treat?

What Diseases Does a Psychiatrist Treat?


Psychiatry is the branch of medicine that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of mental, behavioral and emotional disorders. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor specializing in mental health.

Although their professions overlap in many ways, psychiatrists are not the same as psychologists. Psychiatrists receive medical training that allows them to prescribe psychiatric medications and perform procedures. Psychologists primarily provide counseling and non-medical support.

What Diseases Does a Psychiatrist Treat?

It is necessary to make a diagnosis regarding the psychiatric diseases seen together with the emotional and behavioural disturbances. In order to make this diagnosis, it is important to follow the person for a while by a psychiatrist. In this process, after the psychiatry appointment, the treatment is started with the diagnosis made in line with the complaints of the patient. “What is psychiatry? What diseases does it treat?" If you are wondering, the answer to the question can be listed as follows:

Adult Psychiatric Diseases

  • Anxiety
  • Addiction
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Depression
  • Geriatric disorder
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Paranoid personality disorder
  • Psychosis
  • Social phobia
  • Schizophrenia
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Sleep disorders

Child Adolescent Psychiatric Diseases

  • Peer bullying
  • Bipolar disorder in children and adolescents
  • Tic disorders in children
  • Eating disorders in children
  • Childhood depression
  • Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder
  • Dyslexia
  • Down syndrome
  • Defiant disorder
  • Anxiety disorder
  • School maturity
  • Autism
  • Learning difficulties

Treatments Applied in the Department of Psychiatry

In the psychiatry department, treatment methods that provid hormone balance, drug therapy and psychotherapy techniques, which suppress and control the disease are employed. Medications prescribed are completely patient-specific. In other words, the drug choice depends on the general health status of the patient, the source and type of the disease, the stage and symptoms. The unconscious use of these drugs can cause very serious health problems.

Another form of treatment is psychotherapy techniques. This treatment method is also shaped according to the individual needs of the patient. Complementary therapies such as family therapy, group therapy, couple therapy, hypnotherapy, affirmation, support groups, breathing exercises are also employed. These therapies can also be supported with medication depending on the severity of the situation.

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