Calcification in the hip is a condition that negatively affects the quality of life. This situation presents with symptoms in the form of pain in the weight bearing side, and it causes swelling and fatigue. This situation, which generally affects people with weight problems, the elderly and those with rheumatism, is also frequently seen after sports, heavy activities, wrong shoe selection and cleaning/house errands by placing weight on the knees. Hip calcification treatment and all the details are in our article…
The hip joint is between the thigh and the pelvis. Calcification in this area refers to the damage of the cartilage tissue followed by damage to the accompanying bone. This is one of the musculoskeletal problems that middle-aged people often encounter. Previous traumas or congenital diseases predispose the person to hip calcification. These traumas or diseases negatively affect the load distribution of the joints and cause deterioration of joint mechanics. This condition, also called osteoarthritis in the medical literature, is the degeneration of the cartilage structure that forms the joints, the restriction of the movements of the joints, and the inability to fulfil the vital daily activities.
“What causes hip calcification?” It is one of the most frequently asked questions about the subject. The hip joint is a body-weight-bearing joint and therefore experiences frequent deformations. One of the most important causes of these deformations is obesity and age. However, this condition, which is usually seen over the age of 60, can also occur at an earlier age. The causes of hip calcification are as follows:
Hip joint calcification is more frequently seen in women, individuals with weight problems, individuals over 60 years of age, those who work under heavy conditions, those who stand for a long time and individuals who are genetically predisposed to calcification. The symptoms of the condition are most clearly manifested in the form of pain when placing weight on the problematic hip. For this reason, when the person puts pressure on the problematic foot during walking, he/she experiences severe pain and may limp. People with this problem may also experience a feeling of stiffness in their hips in the morning. Symptoms of hip calcification are as follows:
In the diagnosis of this condition, methods such as direct graphics, two-way imaging of the joint and, if necessary, tomography and MR sections are used. However, detailed examination is extremely important in making the diagnosis. After this examination, an x-ray is required to confirm the situation. In some cases, blood tests and advanced imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and scintigraphy may be required for diagnosis.
There are some risk factors that contribute to this condition. These factors can be listed as follows:
The main purpose of the treatment is to improve the quality of life by increasing the ability of the person to move. However, there is no definitive treatment for this condition. In addition, there are methods that increase the mobility of the person and reduce their pain. In the treatment, it is aimed to eliminate the excess weight and inactivity, which are the conditions that cause the disease. Thus, by regulating the daily activities of the person, it is aimed to strengthen the muscle groups in the hip joint area and to strengthen the cartilage structure covering the hip joint. Medications may be recommended to help with the process.
However, in the advanced stages of the problem, surgical approach is preferred.
Hip replacement surgery is performed under anaesthesia. The patient is put to sleep during the surgery. The surgical procedure takes about 1.5 to 2 hours. One day after the surgical procedure, the patient can stand up and walk and perform his basic functions. However, the patient stays in the hospital for 2-3 days. The sutures are removed 2 weeks after the patient is discharged. After the surgery, especially the muscles around the hip area should be strengthened and physical therapy should be emphasized.
With this surgery, the damaged hip joint is removed and a prosthetic hip joint is placed. The prostheses used are fully compatible with the body and can be used for many years. However, when the treatment is delayed, both knees, back, waist and other parts of the hips may experience serious calcifications. In addition, when the calcified hip cannot perform its function, more burden is placed on other parts of the body. For this reason, it is extremely important that the treatment and the necessary treatment is done without losing time.
Non-surgical methods are also employed to treat the condition. These treatments, which are effective only in first-stage calcifications, are as follows: