Frequently Asked Quetions

About Turkey

  • Capital: Ankara
  • Largest city: Istanbul
  • Official language: Turkish
  • Total Area: 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi) (37th)
  • Population: 84,680,273
  • Currency: Turkish lira (TRY · ₺)
  • Time zone: UTC+3 (TRS)
  • Date format: dd/mm/yyyy (Gregorian)
  • Mains voltage: 230 V–50 Hz
  • Traffic flow: right
  • Telephone code: +90
  • Internet domain name: .tr

Turkey is a country with a part of its lands in Anatolia and a small part in Thrace. The country is bordered by Bulgaria in the northwest, Greece in the west, Georgia in the northeast, Nakhchivan in the east of Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan, and Iraq and Syria in the southeast. The south of the country is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea and the island of Cyprus, the west by the Aegean Sea and the north by the Black Sea. The Sea of ​​Marmara, on the other hand, separates Asia from Europe with the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. Turkey is a country with a significant geostrategic power as it is located at the crossroads of the European and Asian continents.

There are three different climate types in Turkey. Mediterranean climate is one of them. This climate, which has hot and dry summers and warm and rainy winters, is generally seen on the Aegean Sea and Mediterranean coasts. The Black Sea climate is also the temperate oceanic climate prevailing on the Black Sea coast of the country.

Drawing attention with its history, cultural structure and nature, Samsun is one of the cities that attracts countless tourists every year. We have compiled for you what you need to know about Samsun, which is one of the must-see places with its architectural beauties as well as its location and nature.

Need to Know

  • Country: Turkey
  • Region: Black Sea
  • Surface area: 1.055 km2
  • Average temperature: 14.1 C
  • Climate: Black Sea
  • Vegetation: Forest
  • Difference with GMT: GMT+3
  • Telephone Code: +362
  • Currency: Turkish Lira
  • Socket Type: Type A

Samsun Carsamba Airport

The airport, which is 25 kilometers away from the city center, provides comfort to its passengers with domestic and international flight options. The airport, which offers advanced opportunities for transportation to the city center, creates a wide range of alternatives from passenger services to taxi services and car rental options.


In Samsun, which offers advanced transportation opportunities, urban transportation is generally provided by private public buses. In addition, you can easily reach any point in the city, which has advanced minibus lines and tram transportation.

The Best Time to Go to Samsun

With its climatic conditions, Samsun offers its residents and guests a different beauty in every season. You can visit the city, which has a variety from skiing to hot springs, from beach to nature trips, at any time of the year.


The city also draws attention with its festivals. The festivals you can attend when you visit the city are as follows:

  • Samsun Youth Festival (June)
  • Vezirköprü Culture, Art, Nature and Tourism Festival (June-July)
  • Kapikaya Outdoor Sports Festival (July)
  • Motorcycle Festival (July)
  • Akdağ Culture and Art Events (August)
  • Anchovy Festival (November-December)

Places to visit

Samsun, one of the unique cities of the Black Sea region, also has historical structures worth visiting. These structures are:

  • Samsun Honor Monument (Atatürk Monument)
  • Samsun Ataturk Monument
  • Amisos Hill
  • Bandırma Ferry Museum
  • Samsun Bandırma Ferry Museum
  • Amazon Village
  • Samsun Kurşunlu Waterfall
  • Akdag Ski Center

What to Eat?

The delicacies you must taste in the city are as follows:

  • Samsun pita
  • Roasting Pickles
  • Tandoori kebab
  • Keskek
  • Katik pastry
  • Tirit


From songs to poems, from novels to movies… A source of inspiration for almost all branches of art. Istanbul is a city that fascinates its visitors. One of the few cities of both Turkey and the world Istanbul, which has a century-old history. Due to its location, it is at the intersection of different cultures. This unique city, is stunning with its natural beauties and mystical texture. Being the capital of the world according to its fans, Istanbul manages to attract countless tourists every year. We have compiled a city guide that will allow you to get to know this fascinating city better.

What You Need to Know

  • Country: Turkey
  • Region: Marmara Region
  • Area: 5461 km²
  • Language: Turkish
  • Average temperature: 14.1°C
  • Climate: Mediterranean, Black Sea, Balkan and Anatolian climate
  • Vegetation: Mediterranean vegetation predominantly maquis
  • Difference with GMT: GMT+3
  • Telephone Code: +90 212/216
  • Currency: Turkish Lira
  • Socket Type: Type C and Type F / 230 V


Istanbul is a city that has managed to be engraved in the memories with its mystical texture, climate and development as well as its geographical location. Located at the junction of Asia and Europe, the city manages to distinguish itself from many world cities with its location. The lands of Istanbul, which has spread its beauty and magic to more than one city, are called the European Side, and the lands on the Asian continent are called the Anatolian Side. Located on the coast of the Marmara Sea, which is in the northwest of Turkey, the city is adjacent to Tekirdağ and Kocaeli as a terrestrial border.

When to go

This precious city, where many different climates are experienced due to its location, offers its visitors both summer and winter. The hottest times are in July and August. While snowfall can be seen in the city from time to time in January and February, rain can manifest itself in all four seasons of the year. The city, which provides a different beauty in every season with its seasonal features, attracts countless tourists every season.


Due to its cosmic and cultural structure, Istanbul is one of the cities that hosts numerous festivals. You can attend cultural events throughout the year in the city, which is the heart of Turkey's cultural and artistic activities. Thanks to these events, which are organized in countless fields from music to cinema, from sports to art, the city exhibits a lively structure in every period of the year.

The main festivals you can attend in Istanbul are as follows:

  • International Istanbul Poetry and Literature Festival- February
  • Istanbul International Dance Festival – March
  • Istanbul Film Festival- April
  • International Music Festival- June
  • Istanbul Jazz Festival- July
  • Shoppingfest- July
  • Istanbul Design Biennial - Autumn months
  • Filmekimi- October
  • Istanbul Book Fair - October and November

How to get to Istanbul?

As one of Turkey's socially and culturally developed cities, Istanbul is also the center of air transportation. You can fly to Istanbul from any city in Turkey that has an airport. In addition, it is possible to take direct flights from numerous cities in the world.

Transportation Opportunities in Istanbul

The city, which has a heavy traffic, offers its residents and visitors advanced transportation opportunities. There are 6 metro lines in the city where you can reach many different areas. In addition, metrobus services facilitate transportation between the two sides of the city. Another option you can use for transportation between the two sides of Marmara. Another transportation option you can use for transportation in Istanbul is IETT buses. In addition to this line, which allows you to reach almost every point of the city, some regions also offer minibus services.

Transportation from Sabiha Gökçen International Airport to the City Center

Located on the Anatolian side of the city, the airport is located in Pendik. Sabiha Gökçen, one of the fastest developed airports in Europe, is 40 kilometers from the city center. You can reach anywhere you want by using IETT buses, HAVABUS services, taxi and car rental services that move at various points at the airport. Istanbul Airport Launched in 2018 is located on the European side of the city. Spread over an area of 76.5 square kilometers with its two main terminals, the airport organizes flights to 350 destinations in the world. Attracting attention with its advanced technological features, the airport also offers parking services with its 18,000-capacity car park.

Places to visit

The city, which has hosted countless civilizations and cultures throughout history, exhibits a cosmopolitan structure. With this structural feature, the city, which hosts numerous historical buildings, offers these mystical structures together with modern architecture. Also known as the historical peninsula, Suriçi, Taksim, Rumeli Fortress, Galata, Beşiktaş, Ortaköy, Sultanahmet, Fatih, Balat, Bakırköy, Kadıköy, Zeytinburnu are some of the districts that should be visited. If you want to tour the city, which is home to countless sightseeing sites, you should spare at least 1 week.

Where to stay?

The city offers accommodation options for every budget and every taste. However, our advice is to arrange your accommodation before you come to Istanbul.

What to eat?

Considering its history, Istanbul, which has the palace cuisine, is known for its tastes special to this culture. In addition, it hosts almost all world cuisines. However, there are Vefa Bozasi, Kanlıca yoghurt, Ortaköy Kumpir, Beyoğlu Chocolate, Camlica Bagel, Sarıyer Pastry, Baby Almond Paste and Süleymaniye Dried Beans among the flavors that you should definitely taste in your trip to Istanbul.

Kocaeli, which is a gateway connecting Europe to the Middle East and Asia, is an important logistics center. Kocaeli, an industry and investment city, accounts for 13% of Turkey's industry. In addition to these features, the province, which draws attention with its sea and lake tourism, has water sports alternatives on the Black Sea coast and a ski resort on the Kartepe hills.

Places to Visit

Ormanya, one of the largest natural life parks in Europe, Sapanca Lake with its unique view, as well as Faruk Yalçın Zoo and Botanical Park, Ballıkayalar Nature Park, Beşkayalar Nature Park, Kuzu Plateau Nature Park, Kerpe and Kefken, Yeniköy Summer Spa Kadırga Plateau is among the natural beauties that must be seen. It is possible to spend a wonderful summer in Kocaeli. Darica Bayramoğlu Public Beach, Kefken Beach, Altınkemer Public Beach, Cebeci Beach, Ulaşlı Beach, Kerpe Beach, Sarısu Beach, Bağırganlı Beach, Kovanağzı Beach and Kumcagiz are the beaches you can visit. The historical and touristic places that you should come and see in Darica can be listed as Darica Castle, Darica Historical Lighthouse, Historical Greek Houses, Darica Zoo, Carthaginian Commander Hannibal's Tomb.

  • Seka Park
  • Seka Paper Museum
  • İzmit Clocktower
  • Faruk Yalçın Zoo
  • Eriklitepe Nature Park
  • Uzuntarla Nature Park
  • Ballıkayalar Nature Park
  • Gazilerdağı Nature Park
  • Kocaeli Science Center
  • Gayret Gemi Museum
  • Kartepe Ski Resort
  • Kocaeli Museums
  • Osman Hamdi Bey Museum
  • Eskihisar Castle
  • Fatih Sultan Mehmet Kasrı
  • Saatçi Ali Efendi Konağı - Etnografya Museum
  • Clocktower
  • Sırrıpaşa Konağı
  • Üçtepeler Büyük Tümülüsü
  • Büyüktepe Nekropol Alanı


  • Kuru Helva.
  • Ebegümeci Yemeği.
  • Höşmerim.
  • Tavuklu Keşkek.
  • Kabaklı Kavurma
  • Öğre Tatlısı
  • Nazlı Tatlısı
  • Erik Marmelatı
  • Pişmaniye
  • Mancar yemeği
  • Macarlı pide
  • Dartı
  • Ciğceli kavurma
  • Cızlama
  • İzmit simidi
  • Kiremitte Alabalık
  • Umaç çorbası
  • Fatma tatlısı
  • Höşmerim
  • Kandıra yoğurdu


Kocaeli has transportation options such as bus, tram and ferry.

DHMI Kocaeli Cengiz Topel Airport

Kocaeli Cengiz Topel Airport is located in the Kartepe district of Kocaeli. The airport, which is 15 kilometers from the city center, offers domestic and international flights. You can use transportation options such as buses, taxis and car rentals from Cengiz Topel Airport to the city center, or you can go with your private vehicle. You can take advantage of different alternatives such as taxi, bus and car rental to reach the city center, which is about half an hour away.

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